When to Plant Vegetables
in the Garden


When to plant vegetables in the garden is usually defined by the season. Vegetables have different growing seasons depending on the vegetable variety.

In the northern areas of the country you have 3 seasons, the cool season, warm season and the cold season. In warmer areas you may have a cool and warm season.

If you plant in all the seasons it is possible to have a year round garden.


Cool season vegetables can be planted May through June in northern areas and September through November in warmer areas such as southern California and Florida.

Cool season vegetables need cool soil and air temperatures. Early spring or late fall usually provide the right temperatures. These vegetables are leafy greens and root vegetables. The plant leaf, flower or root is eaten. 

    Arugula

    Beets

    Broccoli

    Brussels sprouts

    Cabbage

    Collards

    Radishes

    Carrots

    Cauliflower

    Celery

    Chard

    Fennel

    Kale

    Kohlrabi

    Spinach

    Lettuce

    Mizuna

    Mustard greens

    Onions

    Pak choi

    Peas

    Potatoes

    Coriander

Warm season vegetables are planted in the summer after the temperatures have risen and warmed the soil and air and all danger of frost is gone.

These vegetables produce fruit and the fruit is eaten. Plant these vegetables June through July in northern areas and May through August in warmer areas.

    Beans

    Celery

    Corn

    Cucumbers

    Edamame

    Eggplant

    Muskmelons

    Okra

    Peppers

    Pumpkins

    Squash

    Sweet potato

    Tomatillo

    Tomato

    Watermelon

    Zucchini

    Herbs (annual)

    Basil

If you have a longer growing season it is possible to have a third planting in the late summer as the weather begins to cool down. It is time to switch back to the early spring crops.

Arugula

Chard

Kale

Lettuce

Mizuna

Mustard greens

Onion

Pak choi

Peas

Radishes

Spinach

Carrots


Start planting these again when the summer heat starts to abate around the end of August. I you have a mild winter these vegetables will thrive during the early winter months.

If you live in snow country where the ground freezes you will need offer protection when the temperature start to fall below freezing. A row cover or unheated hoop house can protect the vegetables so that they can be harvested later.

Get out and start planting. It is fun to see the seeds come up and each time you plant you will get better and better at determining what you need to make your vegetable garden successful in the area you live.

The growing vegetable section will cover individual vegetable and how to plant them. When to plant vegetables in your area will depend on the outside temperatures but vegetable are quite adaptable and will thrive in a wide range of soils and temperatures.



› Planting Vegetables